Hungary is one of the 42 landlocked countries with a rough area of 93K km2 and 10M population. The capital is Budapest (pronounced: Buh-da-pesht, with a strong T at the end), the residents are Hungarians and the spoken language is Hungarian ("magyar"). The currency is Hungarian Forint, HUF or Forint, which is the common name (1 EUR is approx 310 HUF and 1 USD is 278 HUF as of 2016, but fluctuating - I assume you can check this before you arrive).

We have two major rivers (Duna and Tisza) and one major and a handful of smaller lakes (Balaton, Velencei-tó, Tisza-tó, Fertő tó, etc). The country is divided into 19 counties and Budapest is divided into 23 districts. The capital has a population of approx 1.7M residents (2.5M, including the agglomeration). The rest of the people are scattered around in major cities and the countrysides.

The country is generally safe (mostly harmless). Some of the districts in Budapest are no-go areas - especially after sunset - and the eastern side of the country is considered less-safe for the inexperienced traveller.

Ok, enough of this, this is not a wikipedia article - which you should check if you are interested in such facts.
Quick Facts
NameHungary
CapitalBudapest
CurrencyForint
LanguageHungarian
Area93 030 m2
Population9 855 571
Major cities (population)Budapest (1736K), Debrecen (204K), Miskolc (163K), Szeged (162K), Pécs (148K), Győr (128K), Nyíregyháza (118K), Kecskemét (112K)

Arrival


Information on arrival and entering the country.
Hungary is part of the EU and the Schengen Agreement. If you are arriving from another EU country, there is no hustle and arriving from another Schengen country will allow you to bypass customs. Most probably you will arrive to our biggest airport (Liszt Ferenc International Airport - formerly known as Ferihegy). Alternatively, you may cross the borders with Train, Car (or Bus) or arrive to another airport.

Visa, Customs and Vaccination

Hungary is generally a welcoming country in terms of Visa. The official information on Visa can be found HERE, but it is advised to check your country's recommendation. Customs are handled by NAV (the national tax authority) and information can be found HERE on what you can bring into the country.

There are no recommended vaccinations.

Liszt Ferenc International Airport

Ok. So this is Hungary's biggest airport, which can be considered small, compared to major European or American airports. It has 2 terminals (terminal 2A and terminal 2B) and they are in a walking distance, even with a baggage (if you wonder where terminal 1 disappeared - it is at the first airport which now serves only cargo traffic and it is a bit further away from Liszt Ferenc airport, but you may catch a glimpse of it on your way to the City).

Liszt Ferenc Airport map 1

Airport map with parking spots and Terminal layout. © bud.hu

Liszt Ferenc Airport

Liszt Ferenc Internation Airport - the picture was taken from the time it was still called Ferihegy. © budapestbylocals.com

Liszt Ferenc Airport map 1

Terminal 2A and Terminal 2B layout. Honestly, it is a small airport with two floors. The upper deck hosts the restaurants, lounges and smoking area and you can find the shops and gates on the lower floor. © bud.hu

Departures and inside the airport

The departure is the regular process. Check-in at Terminal 2A and 2B entrance, security check on your left or right (depending on which terminal you are on, but it is in the middle part). Gates are inside with clear labeling and directions. Shops are overpriced compared to the city, but at the regular cost compared to other airports. There is a smoking area on the upper deck outside on The Terrace (it is not allowed to smoke inside a public building in Hungary).

Leaving the Airport

It is the regular process and labyrinth. Follow the baggage claim sign till you pass the passport control (if arrived outside EU), get your baggage from one of the carousels (there are maybe 3 or 4) and pass the customs. You will find yourself on a small lobby (full with people and taxi hyenas) after the one-way door and your exit will be in front of you.

Getting into the city

Ok. This was easy so far. Generally, you have two options to get into the city (not counting if you have a local friend who picks you up at the airport). Taking an official Taxi or taking public transport.

Taxi: This is the most easy and convenient way. The downside is that the arrival area is full with scammers/hyenas. Make sure you take the official taxi and not to take the first offer from shady guys (this is a thing, really, so please take care). Official Taxi booth is just outside the terminal (2 meters) on your left with a queue, english speaking operator and an attractive lady to show you your taxi. Official Taxis are yellow. You can pay with credit card and there is an official rate in Budapest for taxies. It is hard to estimate the final fare, but as a ballpark, it should be between 6000 and 10000 HUF to the major hotels in the city center, but it is really depending on your destination and the traffic (I usually travel to the 11th district for approx 7200 HUF, suburbs can hit the 15K HUF price-tag or even a bit more). There is more on Budapest Taxis in the Transportation section below. This is just a quick survival guide to get into the city.

Public Transport: So either you are an adventurous guy and want the feel the post-communist breeze and get in touch with the locals or you are low on budget. Anyways, there is a public bus service from the Airport to the city. The bus stop is located on the arrival level and the bus number is 200E or 900 depending on the time. It is a bit tricky if you arrive during non-regular hours (see details here), but during the day it is easy: Bus 200E will take you to "Kőbánya-Kispest", which is the final station and you can take Metro 3 to go into the city. You will need one ticket for the bus and another one for the Metro. Tickets can be purchased on the bus for approx 450 Forints (local money is required) and from vending machines at the Metro station for 350 HUF. From 8th of July 2017 there is a new bus line to link the airport and the city center: 100E (see schedule here). The tickets on this line costs 900 HUF and it will take you directly to Deak Ferenc tér, which is - basically - the heart of the city.

There is more on Budapest Public Transportation in the Transportation section below. Again, this is a quick survival guide to get into the city.

Official taxi booth outside the arrival lounge of Liszt Ferenc Airport.

Bus 200E at the Liszt Ferenc Airport.

Other means of arrival

There are a couple of other ways to get into the country, but they are either not really relevant or does not differ from any other country. There are a handful of international airports in Hungary besides Liszt Ferenc. They are considered less important and only a few airlines have scheduled flight to these destinations. As I have never been to these airports, your best shot is to follow the airports’ website for information on getting around. The list of airports are: With car or bus: If you arrive from an EU country, the border crossing shall be seamless (no customs, slight chance of passport control). Arriving from a non-EU or Schengen country results in passport control and customs. There is highway-toll for the Hungarian highways, which is detailed in the Transportation section below.

There is a very minor chance that you will arrive on a boat cruising down the Danube. Again, if you started in Austria, there should be no issues, however, I am pretty inexperienced in this.

Transportation


This subsection details the different transportation methods available in Hungary.

Public transportation in Budapest

Public transportation in managed and organized by BKK in Budapest (formerly and publicly known and referred as BKV - actually they are two different companies with a division of public facing and infrastructure providing scope). Budapest has a wide range of public transport vehicles and lines including Busses, Trams, Trolleys, Metros and Bikes, Suburban railway lines (HÉV), Cogwheel trains (or rack & pinion trains - called Fogaskerkű), funicular (cable car - called Sikló) and boats. The public transportation in Budapest is pretty good, well designed and generally advised for tourists. Tram line 4 and 6 are considered the busiest tram lines in the world with a frequency or 2-5 minutes in rush-hours.

The time schedule is more-or-less accurate with no huge deviation from the plan and the lines are connecting the major points in the city. Basically if you know where to go and what to take, it is the most easiest and cheapest way to travel and you will be able to reach every part of the city. In 2014 BKK announced a new feature called Courier (Futár), which is a real-time information board system on major stations (not really a real-time, but pretty accurate). There are designated websites and mobile apps to plan your trip and check the schedule (see below).

BKK consolidated the numbering plan for Busses, Trams and Trolleys a couple of years back mitigating some confusions on what type of vehicle should be used (so line #4 is Tram, line #7 is a bus, etc.). Metro lines are prefix with the letter M (M1, M2, M3 and M4), while suburban railway is either prefixed with the letter H or address with the final destination (e.g. Csepeli HÉV, which travels to Csepel). Funiculars, Cogwheels, Bikes and Boats are not in the common numbering plan. Night-time busses are operating with a prefix of 9 (see below).

The price of public transportation can be considered cheap compared to other major capitals in EU. The price of a single ticket costs 350 HUF, but you can buy a batch of 10 tickets for a price of 3000. Tickets are generally allow an uninterrupted travel on a specific line and vehicle (with an exception of Metro lines, where you can use the same ticket to switch between the lines with a time limit of 60 minutes). If you take off from a bus and get on a tram, you need to validate another ticket. The full list of ticket types and prices can be found HERE. Tickets can be bought from ticket-vending-machines (accepts cash and credit cards and installed at a lot of stations) or bought from the drivers (not recommended) with a higher price.

There is a well designed night-time public transportation in Budapest with busses number 900 and above (this should make the "how to get into the city from the airport with public transport" section much clearer with taking bus number 900 in off-service hours). In addition, tram number 6 operates all day without interruption (but with lower frequency) including off-service hours. However, be prepared for slightly intoxicated people and shady pick-pocketers travelling on these nightlines, especially in the downtown area and on tram #6).

Budapest have 4 Metro lines (line #4 opened in 2014) connecting the major part of the city and intersecting each other. The major intersection in Deák Ferenc Tér (Deák square) where metro line 1, 2 and 3 intersects. You can travel with a single ticket on several metro lines with a validity of 60 minutes. Ticket inspectors are usually at the entrance of the metro line before the escalator where the you should validate your ticket or show your monthly/daily/weekly pass.

Old and New trams in Budapest.

Old and new Metro vehicles.

Old trolleys.


Metro and Suburban lines

Metro (M) and Suburban (H) lines in Budapest. © BKK Download the .pdf version from HERE.

Budapest public transportation

Major public transportation lines in Budapest. © BKK Download the .pdf version from HERE.

Suburban railway, the funicular, cogwheels and boats are considered less interesting for getting around but might be interesting as a tourist attraction (especially the Funicular - see below).

Tickets can be bought from special vending machines (or from bus drivers as a last-resort). You can pay with cash (coins or paper-cash) or with credit or debit card (visa, mastercard). Tickets shall be validated before entering the metro station (before the escalator) or right after getting on the bus. There are two types of ticket validating machine - a legacy red one, where you need to put the ticket inside and pull the black slot towards yourself, and the modern orange one where you just need to insert the ticket and wait for the sound. There are no bip-cards or e-cards as of now, but on the roadmap of investment. Some buses/lines allow only front-door entrance, where you need to get on the bus at the front door. Generally it is not advisable to try and dodge the fare, as there are frequent checks, and the inspectors do not speak English. It would be a huge effort to talk yourself out of the situation and it would result in a pretty high fine (approx 16K HUF) compared to the ticket prices.

Renovation and development is continuous, tram lines and metro lines are sometimes shut down for maintenance for a longer period of time. You can check out the BKK homepage for information or check the information signs/letters on trams/buses/trolleys or at the respective stations. You may find the following applications and websites useful if you plan to use public transportation in Budapest:

BPMenetrend Timetable application (works offline, once the database is downloaded)
BKK Futar The official real-time schedule app (needs internet access)
utvonalterv.hu Route planning website.
BKK homepage Official homepage of BKK.
BKK timetables Official schedulings.

Ticket vending machines.

Old and new ticket validating machines.

If you plan to enjoy the city from a public transportation or you are seeking for something special, I would recommend the followings: Travel with metro line #1: The oldest metro line in Budapest, with constant operation since 1896. The stops are very close to each other and the metro stations have unique atmosphere. Travel with tram #2, which goes right besides the Danube for a significant amount of time and you can enjoy the view of Buda hills all along. Travel with the funicular up to the Buda castle, enjoying a memorable ride and a nice view (something like in Valparaiso).

Metro line 1

Metro line 1

Tram line 2

Tram line 2.

Funicular

The funicular up to the castle.

Taxis and Uber in Budapest

Fix taxi rates were introduced in Budapest in 2013 along with a couple of compulsory equipment and design elements. Officials Taxis MUST:
  • Be yellow (the car and the license plate as well)
  • Accept credit cards
  • Have taximeter, which MUST be turned on during the ride
  • Have the official rates displayed on the car
  • Give receipt after the end of the trip
The official rates for each taxi company in Budapest are: 450 HUF for the initial fee, 280 HUF/km and 70HUF/min waiting fee (within the area of Budapest). So the taximeter should start from 450 HUF and you should be charged 280 HUF for each KM (plus the possible waiting fee if there is traffic). The major taxi companies and their phone numbers are:

6x6 +36 (1) 6 666 666
+36 (1) 2 666 666
+36 (1) 4 666 666
http://www.6x6taxi.hu
City +36 (1) 2 111 111
+36 (20) 2 111 111
+36 (30) 2 111 111
http://www.citytaxi.hu
Főtaxi +36 (1) 2 222 222
+36 (20) 2 222 222
+36 (30) 2 222 222
+36 (70) 2 222 222
http://www.fotaxi.hu
Uber discontinued its operation in Budapest (and in Hungary) in July 2016 due to strict regulatory requirements. It means, that you cannot use your favourite app and service in Hungary at this time.

Taxies protesting against Uber.

Transportation in major cities

Public transportation in major cities are considered quite OK with slightly lower fees compared to Budapest. Each major city has it’s own public transportation system operated by different local companies. The major vehicle is the Bus, with couple of cities having Tram lines. Trolleys and Metro lines are not available. The magic keyword you might want to use to look up the local service is “tömegközlekedés”, but here are the sites for some major cities:
Taxis are generally available in major cities. There are no official rates in these cities, so every company applies its own rates, which are generally lower than the rates applied in Budapest. Traffic is generally low in cities (compared to Budapest) but there is a parking fee in most of the major cities as well.

Travelling to cities with railway, buses and car

Hungary has one major railway company that deals with public transportation (Hungarian State Railways or MÁV). Majority of the wagons are pretty old and somewhat dirty with the exception of commuter lines and Inter City (a.k.a. IC) lines. The latter one operates lines between Budapest and another major city with a slightly higher fees. The regular schedule (not the IC) is often not kept (with usual delays of 10-60 minutes). Most of the regular lines allow bicycle transportation for additional fee.

Their website has a fairly good feature to check official railway schedule and theoretically you can use it to buy tickets as well, but it is not advised for the less experienced, as the process is cumbersome and you need to print your official ticket before the departure at designated kiosks with the code you receive from the site.

A good general statement is that people working at ticket offices do not speak english or any foreign language so a help from a local person might be required, but you may try your super sign-language capabilities.

Volán is the official company for long-distance bus services. Their route planner is capable to plan your route with, our without the railway lines. The quality of the buses vary a lot, depending on your destination, but not the highest quality compared to other bus services in Europe.

Hungary is well equipped with highways (thanks to EU funds over the last years) and you can reach (or approach) almost every major city on highways. The maximum speed is 130 km/h and speed traps are quite frequent. Highway numbers are prefixed with M (M1, M2, etc) and there is a generic highway toll for every highway which can be purchased on petrol stations, websites or via mobile applications.

When tickets are purchased via mobile applications or websites, there might be a small additional fee, but the fees are as follows for regular cars as of 2016:

Name Description Price
Weekly Valid for 10 days on all highway lines 2975 HUF
Monthly Valid for a month - 30 or 31 days - for every highway. 4780 HUF
Annual Valid on a given calendar year and till 31th of January in the following year. 42980 HUF
Regional Like the annual, but valid only in 1 specific county - if you want to travel through several counties, you need to buy them individually. 5000 HUF
Waze and Google navigation works fine in the country.

Hungarian State Railways.

Volán buses.

Highway.

Biking

Biking becomes more and more popular in Budapest. There are designated biking lanes on major routes and there is an official bike-rental service operated by BKK and MOL (called Bubi - abbreviation for Budapest Bike) with frequent pick up and drop-off points in the central area. Bike theft is a thing, so make sure you don’t leave your own bike unattended on a deserted or less frequent street (sometimes they get stolen anyway).

There is a designated bike route (almost) around lake Balaton with generally good, but sometimes bad quality roads (the circle around the lake is approx 200-220 Km).

Biking in major cities is quite easy due to the lack of heavy traffic, but there are less bike lanes in general.

You can use the state railways to transfer your bikes from one city to another but worth to check the schedule if the line accepts bikes or not.

Bubi bikes.


Utilities


This section gives you an overview on everyday items, utilities, communication and such.

Electricity

Electricity in Hungary is good with minimal outages. The voltage is 230V with 50Mhz frequency. The plug is the generic EU plug (the one with the two round holes on the socket). Depending on the age of the building/room it may or may not be grounded (C and F type sockets). The most usual socket types are as follows:

Type C.

Type F.

Telecommunication

This sections lists telecommunication services, landline, mobile phones, internet access and wifi related information.

Phone numbers

The country code for Hungary is +36. Mobile network operators have designated area codes (20, 30 and 70) and major areas have different area codes (e.g. 72 for Pécs) which is usually 2 digits with an exception of Budapest, where the area code is 1. Phone numbers are generally given in +36(1)555-1234 or +36(20)555-1234 format. Alternatively, you can dial phone numbers from a local number with 06 prefix: 06(1)555-1234 or 06(20)555-1234 (06 substitutes +36 for local phone numbers).

The emergency number is 112.

Public and VoIP phone service

Public phone services was a thing till the mid or late 90 but became less popular after the millennium. Most of the public phones are decommissioned or broken by drunk locals and never got fixed.

VoIP services (like neophone) is not a big thing in Budapest. Even though I might came across with a couple of offices they are not generally available or easy to find.

Internet and WIFI

The internet access is generally good in Hungary. Almost every young household in Budapest have internet access with fairly good speed (the minimum you can buy is 3 MBPS or so). Hotels usually offer free WiFI. There is public or password protected WiFi in some or maybe majority of the pubs/restaurants but it is not generally available (compared to Vietnam for example). The WiFi password is usually on the menu or you should ask the waiter/ress for the password.

Mobile phones and networks

Hungary has an excellent mobile phone coverage and a very good mobile internet speed (every mobile network operator claims over 90 percent coverage over the country and all of them offer LTE services in major cities and around the Balaton). Voice is over GSM and UMTS, data is over GPRS, EDGE, HSDPA and LTE with HSDPA being generally available with good coverage. Mobile number portability is available since around 2005 but the generic prefixes are 20 (Telenor), 30 (Telekom) and 70 (Vodafone).

There are 3 mobile network operator and a lot of MVNOs in Hungary. The major operators are T-Mobile (Telekom), Vodafone and Telenor. The most recognized MVNOs are Blue mobile (on Telekom network), and UPC mobile (on Vodafone network). The full list of MVNO operators (according to Wikipedia) is: Netfone Telecom Mobilinternet, Invitel Control Max, Digi Move, Externet Mobilnet, UPC Mobilinternet, Btel Mobilinternet, NordTelecom Mobilinternet, Hello Mobilweb (HelloHD), Alta Mobilnet (Altanet) and Vidanet Mobilnet.

Prices are generally high for prepaid cards and data services compared to other european providers. All 3 major operator have designated priceplans for tourists (see them HERE, HERE and HERE), but some form of identification card is required even for prepaid cards when buying. Some cards can be bought in supermarkets which needs to be activated over the internet.

Accommodation

Budapest, Major cities and even small towns and villages having Hotels and B&B services. Use your favourite booking site to book for a hotel. I personally do the same when booking a hotel or a B&B in Hungary. AirBnB also operates and several residents and companies offer accommodation there.

Be prepared, despite several decades have passed, there are still hotels with strong post-communists feelings and aura. You cannot go wrong with strong international brands and AirBnB quality is as usual (check the ratings and reviews).

Banking, Exchange and ATMs

There are several banks in Hungary with a lot of branches and ATMs. Exchange places can be easily found in Budapest, near Balaton and in Major cities.

Please check the payment section below for more information on money, payments and credit card acceptance.

Pharmacies, Hospitals and Dental care

Pharmacies are quite common in Budapest, in Major cities and towns and are operated by several companies (it is a free and good business). Credit cards are usually accepted, the pharmacies are well equipped and there is most probably an open pharmacy in town even during night-hours (somewhere). There might be a language barrier but most probably you will be OK and get what you need in emergency.

Hospitals are common in major areas but generally they are not the perfect quality. Hungary is not a good place to be sick and taken care of (except private hospitals). A lot of doctors and nurses left the country to seek better life and employment in western EU countries.

There are a lot of dentists in the country - also in budapest and in major cities. Dental care considered very cheap compared to other EU countries and the quality is quite good, as there are a lot of private dental companies around.

Shopping


Shopping, buying stuff, cash and credit card information, etc.
Hungary is well provided with different shops, supermarkets and malls. Shops are generally open from 10 or 11 AM to 6 or 7 PM in Budapest, while it is shifted to earlier in the morning and afternoon in major cities and towns.

Supermarkets in Budapest are opening around 6 AM and closing at 10PM. Non-stops are operating in all major cities and in Budapest. There is no 7/11, but several similar stores.

There are around 10 shopping Malls in Budapest and there is one or two in every major city.

Payments, Cash and Credit Cards

The official currency is Forint and several supermarkets accepting Euros for a quite bad exchange rate. Coins denominations are: 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 HUF, while our notes are: 500, 1000, 2000, 5000, 10000 and 20000 HUF.

As there are no 1 and 2 HUF coins, purchases and bills are rounded up or down to 0 or 5 when paying with cash (this is not happening, if you are paying with credit card).

Visa and Mastercard is generally accepted in supermarkets and bigger shops and also widely accepted in restaurants. Major pubs and places in Budapest also accept credit and debit cards but it becomes less common (but still happening) if you visit smaller towns. Generally, it is possible to survive a day without cash but it is advised to have some as a backup.

American Express is less common in the country but also accepted in some places.

Paypass (NFC payment) is usually available on every POS terminal.

Hungarian cash.

Tipping

The common custom is to give 10% in pubs and restaurants as a tip unless the menu states that the service fee is included. You need to state your intention on tipping to the waiter/ress before the payment.

Alcohol, Tobacco and Drugs

Alcohol is usually sold in supermarkets and also in small shops. The legal age to buy alcohol is 18, and the cashier may ask for your ID if you look young(er). The favourite drinks in Hungary include beer, wine and pálinka, but you will find all the general brands and alcohol types. Be prepared, Hungary has a 0% policy on DUI, so there is no “allowed quantity” of drinking before driving.

Tobacco products and cigarettes are sold only in designated shops called Trafiks. Only such shops are allowed to sell tobacco products, so be prepared if you are a heavy smoker. There are several shops in Budapest and generally everywhere as huge percent of the hungarians are smoking. The legal age to buy Tobacco is also 18.

Possessing, buying and selling drugs in Hungary is illegal and can results in 2 to 5 years in prison. Despite this, Cannabis is somewhat available in Budapest and designer drugs are becoming common in Budapest and rural areas amongst youngsters.

National tobacco shop.


Good to know


Everything else worth to know.

Security

Security is quite good in Hungary and also in Budapest. As in every major capital, petty thefts and sometimes robberies are happening. There are some no-go areas in Budapest where it is not-advised to travel during the night (especially deep in the 8th district). You can check the interactive crime-map of Budapest. So far, Hungary and Budapest was left out from the terrorist attacks happening in the EU.

Poverty is a thing in Budapest and in the eastern part of the city with beggars and homeless people appearing and sleeping in the underpasses/subways. Although it is visible, it is not a very common thing to see (compared to 3rd world countries) and law enforcement are forcing these people to leave central and visible places.

Budapest crime-map.

Peoples and Races

People in Hungary are generally nice but encountering a rude person is not uncommon. Try to be respectful and do not expect to be treated as a king/queen. I think Hungarians are generally raw with straight-to-the-point approach and assuming general common sense.

Racism is not a thing towards afro-americans, indians, asians or latin people. If you belong to such a race, you may encounter some gazing as the majority of the population is caucasian. This is especially true if you are visiting smaller towns or villages or rural areas.

A lot of Hungarians are somewhat against Gypsies and consider them the lazy and non-working part of the community. Racism against muslims are an emerging thing due the the recent terror attacks, immigrant waves and constant propaganda from the government.

Language

The official language in Hungary is Hungarian, a quite unique language which sounds a bit similar to polish and finish, but spoken nowhere else in the world. Elderly people generally do not speaking any foreign language (Russian was compulsory for them but they refused to learn as a passive resistance). Younger generation generally speak english or sometimes german in major cities, towns and in the capital.

You will easily find english speaking staff in hotels and restaurants, but do not expect fluency in rural areas and smaller villages or towns. Staff in official places (Post office, state railway) do not speak English or any foreign language. Your best call here is sign language or google translate or a local friend.

Staff around Balaton mostly speak German, due to the amount of german and austrian tourists in this area.

The hungarian alphabet consists of 44 letters: A, Á, B, C, Cs, D, Dz, Dzs, E, É, F, G, Gy, H, I, Í, J, K, L, Ly, M, N, Ny, O, Ó, Ö, Ő, P, Q, R, S, Sz, T, Ty, U, Ú, Ü, Ű, V, W, X, Y, Z, Zs. The letters are latin characters in general with the following two addition:
  • Some of the letters have funny accents which modifies how it sounds.
  • Some letters consist of more than one characters.
The easy part of the Hungarian language is the speak-as-written property. Every distinct letter has its own sounds which is not modified or changed by other letters around it.

The Hungarian grammar is a monster and generally foreign people cannot master it. The key characteristics are:
  • There are no genders.
  • There is a polite form towards strangers and elderly people.
  • Words are modified with post-fixes to indicate the plurality, person and type... With lots of irregularity.
Just as an example, the verb “eat” can take the following forms depending on the person/persons: enni (to eat), eszek (I eat), eszel (you eat), eszik (he/she eats), eszünk (we eat), esztek (You eat), esznek (they eat). And everything is changed again if you take the accusative, dative or genitive form. Nightmare..

Law enforcement

Law enforcement is generally the Police (Rendőrség) and a smaller subset of rights (e.g. asking for your ID) is given to some smaller organization. Police is usually kind but straight and they are less strict than police in USA for example. Seeing a gun on the streets is uncommon.

Smoking

It is prohibited to smoke in closed public places (public buildings, restaurants and pubs) and also in a 5m radius of the entrance. This also includes vapeing. Cigarettes are sold in designated shops to people over 18.